On-Air Challenge: Given a sentence, change one letter in one word to make a new word which completely reverses the meaning of the sentence. For example, given "The singer is not coming on stage." Changing the "T" in not to a "W" in the word "not" makes the sentence, "The singer is now coming on stage."
Last Week's Challenge From Listener Eli Blake of Joseph City, Ariz.: Take the names of two state capitals. Change one letter in each one, resulting in a phrase naming someone you will see soon on TV. Who is it? (Hint: You don't really have to know anything about TV to solve this puzzle.)
Answer: "Olympic Diver" can be formed from Olympia, the capital of Washington state, and Dover, the capital of Delaware.
Winner: Douglas Gilzow of Washington, D.C.
Next Week's Challenge: Name something to sit on. Divide the letters of this exactly in half. Move the second half to the front, without changing the order of any letters. The result will name some things seen on computers. What are they?
If you know the answer to next week's challenge, submit it here. Listeners who submit correct answers win a chance to play the on-air puzzle. Important: Include a phone number where we can reach you Thursday at 3 p.m. Eastern.
RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:
This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Rachel Martin. And counting down: three, two, one - and it is time for the puzzle.
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MARTIN: Joining me now is Will Shortz. He is, of course, the puzzle editor of the New York Times and WEEKEND EDITION's puzzlemaster. Good morning, Will.
WILL SHORTZ, BYLINE: Good morning, Rachel.
MARTIN: So, refresh our memories, Will. What was last week's challenge?
SHORTZ: Yes, it came from listener Eli Blake of Joseph City, Arizona. I said take the names of two state capitals. Change one letter in each one, resulting in a phrase naming someone you will see soon on TV. Who is it? And the answer is Olympic diver, which comes from Olympia, the capital of Washington, and Dover, the capital of Delaware.
MARTIN: Very timely, in light of the upcoming Olympics, of course. Well, more than 1,200 of you figured it out. And our randomly selected winner this week is Doug Gilzow. He joins us on the line now. Congratulations, Doug.
DOUG GILZOW: Thank you very much.
MARTIN: And, Doug, meet Will; Will, meet Doug.
SHORTZ: Way to go, Doug.
GILZOW: Thank you, Will.
MARTIN: And, Doug, did you have to sleep on this one to come up with the answer or...
GILZOW: Actually, I forgot about the puzzle for about three days and then remembered it this morning that I hadn't checked on what the puzzle was. And it came to me pretty quickly then.
MARTIN: Oh great. And, Will, how do you think about Olympic diving? I mean, that was kind of the gist of this puzzle. Is this appointment viewing for you this summer during the Olympics?
SHORTZ: Well, you might guess, the sport I'm most interested in is table tennis.
MARTIN: Yeah. OK. So, Doug, you are from our nation's capital here in Washington, D.C. What do you do here?
GILZOW: I'm here at the Foreign Service Institute, the State Department's language school. And I oversee an office that does teacher training and student counseling.
MARTIN: OK. So, I'm imagining a lot of travel in your life, perhaps.
GILZOW: Almost none.
MARTIN: Oh, really?
GILZOW: All the diplomats study their foreign languages - 70 of them that we teach here at the facility in Arlington.
MARTIN: OK. So, you've managed though to carve out some time in your life for puzzles.
GILZOW: I do. I try to do them Friday and Saturday crossword puzzles from the New York Times and I listen to the Sunday puzzle.
MARTIN: Perfect. Well, you've had a lot of practice. Now it's time to put those puzzling skills to the test. Doug, are you ready to play the puzzle?
GILZOW: I guess so.
MARTIN: Come on.
MARTIN: Yeah, yeah, there we go. That's a little better. All right, Will. Let's do it.
SHORTZ: All right, Doug. I'm going to read you some sentences. In each sentence, change one letter in one word to make a new word that completely reverses the sentence's meaning. For example, if I said: The singer is not coming on stage. You would change the T in not to a W to make the singer is now coming on stage. And the second sentence means the complete opposite of the first one. All right. Here's number one: The poker play took one look at his cards and decided to hold.
GILZOW: So, he decided to fold.
MARTIN: Well done.
SHORTZ: Number two: A new company manager arrived and immediately hired 10 more workers.
GILZOW: Maybe he fired them.
SHORTZ: The fired them. That's right. The moon will be waning for the next seven days.
GILZOW: It could be waxing.
SHORTZ: That's right. When the gymnast came to do her most difficult jump, she failed it.
MARTIN: She nailed it.
SHORTZ: She nailed it, good.
GILZOW: She failed, hmm.
SHORTZ: When it comes to dealing with other people, George is always the sort to go along.
MARTIN: Could you repeat it, will?
SHORTZ: Yeah. When it comes to dealing with other people, George is always the sort to go along.
SHORTZ: He's always the sort to go alone, good. When Margaret got back from vacation, she was still raving about her hotel accommodations.
GILZOW: She probably wasn't raving.
GILZOW: Any ideas, Rachel?
MARTIN: OK. What's the opposite of raving? We need to switch a couple of letters.
SHORTZ: Just one letter.
MARTIN: One letter. We need to switch one letter. Raving to...
SHORTZ: Change the V.
MARTIN: ...when you're really mad. Change the V. Raging.
GILZOW: Raging about it.
SHORTZ: She was raging about that hotel. Good. Generals ordered the troops to march at the start of night.
GILZOW: Start of light.
SHORTZ: That's it. The civic group toasted the mayor for her controversial position.
GILZOW: Maybe they roasted her.
SHORTZ: They roasted her, right. When grandmother was a little girl, she was rather homely.
SHORTZ: She was rather comely, is right. And here's your last one: To open the jammed lock, you'll have to use your brain. You'll have to use your brain. What's the opposite of brain?
SHORTZ: Have to use your brawn. Nice job.
MARTIN: Good job. Doug, great job. Doug, that was great.
GILZOW: It's better if you get to sleep on them overnight, I think.
MARTIN: I know. There's the added pressure of having to do it in the moment. Well, you did fabulously and for playing our puzzle today, you'll get a WEEKEND EDITION lapel pin, of course, as well as puzzle books and games. You can read all about it at npr.org/puzzle.
And, Doug, before we let you go, tell us which public radio station you listen to.
GILZOW: That would be WAMU.
MARTIN: The local station here in Washington, WAMU. Doug Gilzow of Washington, D.C., thanks so much for playing the puzzle this week.
GILZOW: Thank you very much.
MARTIN: OK, Will, next week's challenge. What is it?
SHORTZ: Yes, name something to sit on. Divide the letters of this exactly in half. Move the second half to the front, without changing the order of any letters. The result will name some things seen on computers. What are they?
So again, something to sit on, divide this exactly in half. Move the second half to the front and the result will name some things seen on computers. What are they?
MARTIN: OK, when you have the answer, go to our website, npr.org/puzzle and click on the Submit Your Answer link - just one entry per person, please. And the deadline for entries is Thursday at 3 P.M. Eastern Time. Please include a phone number where we can reach you at about that time. And if you are the winner we'll give you a call, and you'll get to play on the air with the puzzle editor of The New York Times and WEEKEND EDITION's puzzlemaster, Will Shortz.
Thanks so much, Will.
SHORTZ: Thanks, Rachel. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.